Overview of Canine Renal Amyloidosis Kidney amyloidosis is a rare disorder of protein metabolism in which abnormal deposits of protein called amyloid is deposited in the kidneys. The cause of kidney amyloidosis remains poorly understood. It is a hereditary condition in certain breeds of dog. It also may occur in other breeds or mixed breeds as a reaction to chronic infections and inflammatory conditions.
Category Diseases conditions of dogs
Canine Lacerations A laceration is a wound produced by the tearing of body tissue. Unlike an incision with smooth edges, a laceration is often jagged and irregular. As a result, there can be variable degrees of damage to the underlying body tissue and structures depending on the depth and force of the trauma that caused the laceration.
Lung Bruising in Dogs Bruising and damage to the lungs can easily occur from trauma to the body. Falling, automobile injuries and being kicked are common traumas to dogs that readily result in lung damage. Gunshots, animal attacks and stabbing can also result in significant lung trauma. Lung damage or pulmonary contusion is defined as bleeding or fluid accumulation within the lungs.
Overview of Canine Solar Dermatitis Solar dermatitis, commonly known as sunburns, can occur to dogs. Although dogs do not sunburn as easily as people, dogs can suffer from sunburn. Sunburn is caused by direct UVL injury to skin cells. Most often, dogs sustain a superficial partial thickness burn. At worst, sunburns may result in deep partial thickness burns.
Canine Frostbite Frostbite is injury to tissue that occurs when an animal is exposed to freezing temperatures accompanied by high winds. The primary areas that are affected in dogs include the feet, tail and tips of the ears. The body responds to exposure to cold temperatures by reducing blood flow to the outer parts of the body.
Dog Fight Injuries and Wounds to other Dogs Dogfights can occur between two dogs or a dog and a cat. The strength of a dog's jaw can cause severe and extensive damage. Of all trauma-related veterinary visits, 10 to 15 percent are related to bite wounds. Dog bites can result in the crushing, tearing, puncturing or laceration of tissue.
Overview of Chronic Vomiting in Dogs Vomiting and chronic vomiting in dogs is a common symptom of sicness or poisoning in dogs. Vomiting is the forceful ejection through the mouth of the contents of the stomach. Occasionally material from the duodenum of the small intestine also accompanies the stomach (gastric) contents.
Overview of Dog Flatulence Flatulence is the distension of your dog's the stomach or intestines with gas or air. Flatus, commonly referred to as “gas” or “farts” is the gas expelled from the body opening. The term flatulence is also used to refer to the release of intestinal gas through the anus. Gas production or accumulation in the gastrointestinal tract is normal.
Overview of Pruritus (Itchiness) in Dogs If your dog spends a large portion of his time scratching, he may have a condition known as pruritus, or itching, an unpleasant sensation that causes your dog to scratch or bite at himself. It is caused by chemical reactions that occur in the skin and stimulate the nerves, causing the brain to feel the itch.
Overview of Gastroenteritis in Dogs Acute vomiting and diarrhea are characterized by a sudden onset and short duration of less than two to three weeks. Acute vomiting, a reflex act that results in the forceful ejection of gastric (stomach) and/or duodenal (intestinal) contents through the mouth, and diarrhea, an increase in fecal water content with an accompanying increase in the frequency, fluidity, or volume of bowel movements, are both extremely common in the dog.
Overview of Anemia in Dogs Anemia is defined as a low red blood cell count and can be caused by a number of different processes, including blood loss, red blood cell destruction, and inadequate red blood cell production. The aforementioned categories of anemia can be caused by trauma, cancer, immune-mediated disease, which is a disease in which the body attacks its own cells or organs, infectious disease, toxins, genetic defects, inflammatory disease, iron deficiency, drug reactions, kidney failure, and generalized chronic (long term) illness.
Overview of Seizure Disorders in Dogs A seizure or convulsion in a dog is a sudden excessive firing of nerves in the brain. It results in a series of involuntary contractions of the voluntary muscles, abnormal sensations, abnormal behaviors, or some combination of these events. A seizure can last from seconds to minutes.
Overview of Blindness in Dogs Blindness is the loss of vision in both eyes. Vision loss may arise from disorders of the structures that receive and process the image within the eye or from disorders of the visual pathways that transmit and further process the image within the brain. Acute (sudden) blindness occurs when vision is lost in both eyes simultaneously.
Overview of Optic Neuritis in Dogs Optic neuritis is the inflammation of the nerve that leads from the retina of the eye to the brain. Inflammation of this nerve interferes with normal function of the eye by preventing retinal information from reaching the brain. There is one optic nerve for each eye, and optic neuritis may involve one or both of the nerves.
Acute diarrhea is a common clinical problem in veterinary practice. It is characterized by a sudden onset and short duration (three weeks or less) of watery or watery-mucoid diarrhea. Occasionally the fecal material is also overtly bloody. Diarrhea is sometimes referred to by the term “enteritis” which means inflammation of the intestine.
Overview of Cerebral Edema (Brain Swelling) in Dogs Cerebral edema is swelling of the brain and is most often caused by head trauma in veterinary patients. Cerebral edema can also be caused by lack of oxygen, decreased blood flow to the brain, brain tumors, toxins and metabolic disorders, such as diabetes and electrolyte abnormalities.
Overview of Syncope (Fainting) in Dogs The term syncope (or fainting) refers to a brief period of unconsciousness due a lack of blood flow or oxygen to the brain. Syncope causes collapse, which may last from seconds to minutes. Most fainting “spells” are due to low blood pressure or lack of oxygen delivery to the brain (cerebral hypoxia).
Overview of Acute Collapse in Dogs Acute collapse is a sudden loss of strength causing your dog to fall and be unable to rise. In acute collapse, your pet falls to the ground either into a sitting position (hind limb collapse) or a lying position (complete collapse). Some dogs that suddenly collapse will actually lose consciousness.
Overview of Panting in Dogs Panting is rapid, shallow respirations characterized by open-mouthed breathing, often accompanied by a protrusion of the tongue. It is seen commonly in dogs, and less commonly in cats. A dog's primary method of cooling is evaporative cooling from the respiratory tract through panting.
Overview of Hematuria (Blood in Urine) in Dogs Hematuria is the presence of red blood cells in the urine. It may be gross (visible to the naked eye) or microscopic. Possible causes of hematuria in dogs include: Bacterial infections of the urinary and genital tracts such as cystitis (bladder infection), vaginitis or prostatitis Cancer of the urinary or genital tracts Calculi (stones) in the urinary tract Congenital urinary tract abnormalities (those present at birth) Rare parasites of the urinary tract Clotting (bleeding) disorders including anti-coagulant rat poison (warfarin) Trauma Normal reproductive or heat cycles (estrus) Medication-induced (e.
Overview of Difficult Swallowing in Dogs Dysphagia, a common problem in dogs, is the medical term used to describe difficulty in swallowing. Dysphagia has many different causes, some of which are treatable and some are not. Diagnosing and treating the problem early can help increase the chances of a positive outcome.